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Evolution of car key `key → wireless key → smart key`

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작성자 최고관리자 작성일2018-10-22 13:48

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Even until the early 2000s, car keys were called `keys'. The apartment was a symbol of wealth with the keys. It was easy to make. If you lose your car key, you will find a key shop in each neighborhood.


 
The history of car keys has not been older than I thought. There was no key concept when the car first appeared 130 years ago. In 1886, the Mercedes-Benz Motorwagen, patented for the first time in the world, was powered by a revolving flywheel behind the bodywork.

Long ago, in the rural area to start a tiller boots, you can think of turning the tool in the form of a starter.

In 1949, Chrysler introduced a "turnkey starter" car key that turns the key to open the car door and start the car as if it were a key.

The turnkey starter car key has been used for nearly 50 years due to its low manufacturing cost and ease of making it. But it was easy to duplicate and was easily exposed to theft. There was also a movie scene where a key was put on a soap or candle to steal a car and then a duplicate key was made to match the shape.
Obviously, the insurance industry, which had to pay for theft insurance, hated it. At the request of the insurance industry, which suffered losses due to car theft, the automobile parts industry introduced a button - type wireless key in 1994, using the immobilizer technology. In the case of a vehicle equipped with an immobilizer, a unique password was required to open the door and start the vehicle.

The wireless key opened the door wirelessly, but in order to start it, the key was turned on and turned on. It is still a key figure.

The key figure began to disappear in 1998 when the PASE (Passive Start and Entry) smart key, which opens and fires without a key through the radio frequency, has disappeared.

The smart key has evolved in terms of visual and tactile aspects. At first, the appearance was made of plastic material, and the shape and texture were rough. However, in order to appeal to demanding consumers, they pursued a smaller, more stylish look with stainless steel, matte aluminum, glass, leather and ceramics.
Resin Transfer Molding (RTM), which was applied to semiconductor manufacturing, contributed to the key diet. At that time most of the car keys were injection molded with `thermoplastic resin`. To protect the electronic components inside the key, the thickness had to exceed 6mm.

However, by using RTM method using special epoxy compound, thickness of 2mm or more can be reduced, and the shape can be precisely and delicately designed.

The smart key met with NFC (Near Field Communication) and became one with the smart phone. The NFC smart key is to install applications on smart phones and use them as vehicle smart keys. It is a digital key.
NFC is a non-contact, near-field wireless communication technology that enables bidirectional data transmission and reception between terminals within 10cm distance. In the IT field, it is widely used for electronic payment or financial transactions through transportation cards, credit cards and membership cards. However, in the automotive sector, technology applications are rare.

Among the domestic auto parts companies, Hyundai Mobis is the only company to complete this technology. Only a handful of companies have acquired relevant technology globally. Hyundai Mobis aims to mass-produce next year.

You do not need to take your car keys with NFC smart keys. Usage is also simple. When you go to the car and take out your mobile phone, run the app and put it on the door handle of the vehicle, the door will be unlocked with the sound of `pic 'like pressing the smart key button.

When you are in the driver's seat, place the smartphone on the separately installed wireless charger pad and press the START button. Inside the car handle and wireless charging pad, there is an antenna to receive the NFC signal, so communication between the vehicle and the smartphone is possible.

NFC smart keys make vehicle sharing easy. The owner of the vehicle may grant key use rights to a third party, such as a spouse. You can use this feature if you use your car publicly or inevitably if your car is being used by someone else.

If you need permission, you can install the relevant app on your smartphone with the permission of the car owner and go through the authentication process. You do not need to meet someone to share with you after you get your keys.

The owner of the vehicle can control the usage rights even if the third party is given the right to use the smart key. You can set the car to use only on certain days and time zones, or you can open the door but not start it.

However, the NFC smart key is not universal. It 's because of the digital duplication key called `hacking. To prevent hacking, Hyundai Mobis has developed an authentication controller that employs the latest data encryption and authentication technologies.



 

The role of the controller is to highly encrypt the vehicle and smartphone information and accurately verify the match between the vehicle and the phone owner. It is a countermeasure to prevent forgery, loss, and forgery of communication information.

http://news.mk.co.kr/newsRead.php?year=2018&no=200548

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Press Release more+
Opening and starting wi… Busy commuting, driver A does not take his car keys when he leaves the house. When you put your smartphone on the handle of the vehicle, the door opens with the sound of 'pivic'. Putting your smartphone on the driver's seat wireless charger pad and pressing the 'Start' button will start the car. It is not a story of the future. Hyundai Mobis plans to develop 'NFC Smart Key' using proximity wireless communication (NFC) technology and mass-produce it in 2019. Proximity wireless communication is a technology capable of bi-directional data transmission / reception between terminals within a distance of 10 cm. Hyundai Mobis has developed an NFC smart key that can be used as a smart key for a car by installing an app on a smart phone that supports proximity wireless communication technology. Hyundai Mobis is the only company in Korea to complete the development of this technology. Only a handful of companies have acquired relevant technology worldwide. In the IT field, it is widely used for electronic payment and financial transactions such as traffic card, credit card, membership card, etc. However, there are few cases of application of technology in the field of automobiles. Proximity wireless communication is a technology capable of bi-directional data transmission / reception between terminals within a distance of 10 cm. Hyundai Mobis has developed an NFC smart key that can be used as a smart key for a car by installing an app on a smart phone that supports proximity wireless communication technology. Hyundai Mobis is the only company in Korea to complete the development of this technology. Only a handful of companies have acquired relevant technology worldwide. In the IT field, it is widely used for electronic payment and financial transactions such as traffic card, credit card, membership card, etc. However, there are few cases of application of technology in the field of automobiles. What should I do when I need to use my car with someone else? An NFC smart key can give a vehicle owner a key authorization to a third party, such as a spouse. If you need permission, you can install the app on your smartphone and go through the verification process. At this time, the owner may give up only a part of the authority and prevent the risk of accident caused by unreasonable use of the vehicle. For example, a third party could have the car write at a certain time, or the door might open but not start. Hyundai Mobis developed a 'certified controller' that uses data encryption technology and authentication technology in preparation for the risk that the smart key will be hacked and the car stolen. Highly encrypted car and smartphone information prevents hacking programs from reading information and accurately verifies whether the car and smartphone owner match up. For more complete security, MOBIS plans to verify security threats even after product launches. http://biz.khan.co.kr/khan_art_view.html?artid=201803281642001&code=920508#csidx2b3b3337f0ad73bae4e0d2b58e82346
User Review BEST more+
A car that can be used to open and open the car door without a key using a phone is being developed, the Wall Street Journal (WSJ) reported Wednesday. The rugged keychain or electronic key needed to open the car door and start it is now in the same position as the cassette to enter the list of antiques to be found in car history books. Several major auto parts suppliers have developed a system that can connect to a smart phone and open the door without a key. Car manufacturers also offer mobile apps that allow drivers to open or start the car remotely, but now the electronic key must be in the car before the car can move. However, if you lose your electronic key, it will be cumbersome and expensive to replace. Denso Corp., a Japanese auto parts company, announced today that it has acquired InfiniteKey Inc., a US-based software startup with patented technology that allows smartphones to open doors without a key. This key-free technology can quickly spread through Denso's extensive supply network. "Vehicles with Denso's new technology will be available to dealers in 2019," said Bill Foy, senior vice president of Denso's US operations. Hotels and other businesses are also researching smartphone apps that replace traditional keys. Keyless cars are the latest in a series of innovations that make old standard car parts obsolete, from wire antennas to dangling fuel tank caps. Manufacturers of these components also need to keep pace with this new technology. Vehicle antennas with sophisticated wireless connectivity do not appear hidden in roof mounted 'shark fins', and in newer models cars do not have caps on fuel tanks. Parts maker Martinrea International Inc., who contributed to the market with a cap-less fuel filler 10 years ago, says that 30 percent of cars sold in North America are equipped with screw cap tanks. In addition, cigarette lighters, compact disc players and spare tires are just some of the things that will remain in the foreseeable future. The keys to the car made of metal gave way to a thick electronic key or push-button, and now it's time for them to disappear. http://www.econovill.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=328505
The biggest rival in the smartphone market Samsung and Apple are expected to use the same kind of 'digital key'. Two companies are participating in a technology development consortium that can use smart phones like car keys. According to industry sources, the Car Connectivity Consortium (CCC) group, which Samsung and Apple are part of, will launch a 'Digital Key 1.0' system that can use smartphones as a car key, (Local time). According to CCC, digital key 1.0 allows you to open, lock and start your car through the smartphone app. Because it uses Near Field Communication (NFC) technology, it can be used even a few steps away from the car. In addition, other settings allow you to have access to your car even with someone else's smartphone. This technology is expected to be used in emergencies, ballet parking and car sharing industry. "The digital key we provide is very popular with a lot of people," said Maffir Rahman, CCC group president. Leading global innovation for smartphone-based automotive connectivity solutions, the CCC Group is an organization in Oregon, USA that focuses on developing systems such as 'digital keys' using smartphones to help people get more comfortable with their cars. . CCC is also known as MirrorLink ™, a solution that links bi-directional links between smartphones and in-car displays. Rahman said he has "the best security system" for Digital Key 1.0, and showed strong confidence in the security issues people might be worried about. "We used the same NFC chips used in our existing Android and iOS smartphones and based on TSM (Trusted Service Manager), so we have thorough security from start to finish even when connected to mobile apps," he said. The digital key service can be used for all vehicles belonging to the CCC group such as Hyundai Motor, Audi and BMW. Volvo cars have also been applied for, but have not been commercialized yet. The CCC group has already begun developing the next step, 'Digital Key 2.0'. The market launch date is scheduled for the first quarter of 2019. Rahman said, "Digital Key 1.0 already boasts a strong influence in the market." Digital Key 2.0 is expected to have even greater impact. " http://www.newsis.com/view/?id=NISX20180622_0000343723&cID=13001&pID=13000
When the driver puts the smartphone on the handle of the car door, the near-field wireless communication (NFC) receiver mounted inside the door recognizes the signal of the smartphone and opens the door. After sitting on the driver's seat, put the smart phone on the car stand, press the start button, the wireless charging starts and the car and the smartphone are connected with Bluetooth. As NFC technology is applied to car keys, driving habits are changing rapidly. According to the industry on November 11, NFC technology, which was developed in 2002 and used mainly for transportation cards and credit card payments, has been expanded to car keys, and smart phones are turning into car keys. NFC is a kind of electronic tag (RFID) that transmits and receives bidirectional data by bringing two or more terminals close to each other. In the second half of last year, Mercedes-Benz E-Class was the first to adopt the first type of digital key using NFC. Hyundai Mobis participated in the Consumer Electronics Show (CES) held in Las Vegas in January and introduced the NFC-enabled digital key system. When NFC technology is applied to a car key, the driver automatically adjusts the seat according to the driver's body type, and the smartphone screen cooperates with the display of the car to reproduce the usual favorite music according to the driver's voice command. When you turn off the car, you can see the status of the car, the driving record, and the parking position, etc. The proliferation of car digital keys has a side to prepare for the expansion of 'car sharing' service, which will be coming soon. If autonomous vehicles become commonplace, autonomous vehicles can be obtained in a short time through smartphone applications, and it is more convenient to share the car than to own it. It is an analysis that digital key using smart phone will be utilized for such car sharing. In some cases, there is a concern that smartphones can become targets of hackers if they replace their car keys. However, it is safe to apply advanced encryption techniques used in financial settlement to automobile digital keys http://www.hankookilbo.com/News/Read/201809101443388972